Top 10 Worst Natural Disasters in the History of the World: Read Now to Know More!
Deadliest Natural Disasters in the World
The climate is changing, that is why we have decided to remember the most terrible, deadly and worst natural disasters in the world. Climate has become a real phobia over the past decade. Environmentalists claim that the planet is threatened by global warming, and some report that it has already happened. One thing is clear – people have cardinally changed the climate of the planet, and the consequences of this change were not long in coming: the report on global changes and the statistics of natural disasters in the world, prepared by the international committee Geochance, says that over the last 10 years earthquakes killed 42% more people than in the previous 50 years, tsunamis killed 10 times more people than in the previous 100 years, during the last five years the number of floods has more than doubled compared to the previous five-year period, during the first five months of 2010 the number of eruptions has increased. We recall the major recent natural disasters in the world of the decade. It all may end up in one natural disasters that could end the world.
Top 10 Worst Natural Disasters in the History of the World
- Hurricane Katrina of 2005. What is the worst natural disaster in US history?Hurricane Katrina, which hit the United States in 2005, almost wiped out New Orleans and took the lives of 1,720 people. Hurricane Katrina earned the highest score on the hazard scale. On its way to New Orleans, Louisiana its speed reached 300 km/h. The “homeland” of the hurricane was the Bahamas. Hurricane Katrina and New Orleans became symbols of disaster.
- European Heat of 2003 for sure should be in the list of natural disasters in the world. In June and August 2003, Europe experienced record-breaking cataclysm- the heat waves. Croatia and France, Germany and Switzerland, Romania and Bulgaria were particularly affected by the abnormal temperatures. The heat wave took the European health systems by surprise and left them unprepared for the strain. The temperature reached +50°C. More than 70,000 people died that summer on the European continent. Fish populations in the Mediterranean Sea, grape and wheat crops were also damaged. That time Europe understood that there is no safest place to live in the world from natural disasters.
- Tsunami of 2004 in the Indian Ocean– the biggest tsunami in the world. Just a year and a half after the European heat, this natural disaster occured in Asian part of the Earth. Lethal wave was the consequence of the earthquake in the Indian Ocean with the magnitude on the Richter scale of 9, resulting in a huge tsunami of 30 meters height. Just one hour after the earthquake, the wave hit the coast of Thailand, in two hours – Sri Lanka and India, and killed 250 thousand people.
- Krakatoa eruption of 1883– one of the biggest volcanic eruption in the world. History knows several big Krakatoa eruptions, but on August 27, 1883 the most devastating one occured. The most powerful volcanic explosion resulted in 20 cubic kilometers of ash and rocks that literally tore apart a volcanic island between the Java and Sumatra islands. The shock waves, which this eruption created, circled around the globe seven times and created huge tsunamis that killed 36,000 people. The total casualties are estimated in the range between 200 and 300 thousand people.
- Portugal earthquake and tsunami of 1755. The infamous Lisbon earthquake struck at 9:00 a.m. on November 1, 1755. Only twenty minutes elapsed between the first tremors at sea, which was followed by the 15-meter tsunami wave, that struck the city’s central quay. This disaster turned the sunny capital of Portugal into the worst place in the world for natural disasters. Most of the citizens of Lisbon were in churches, as the start of November is the national day to celebrate All Saints’ Day. This fest left no chance of rescue. Fires broke out in Lisbon and lasted for ten days. Between 40,000 and 60,000 people died.
- Flooding in Thailand 2011. What is the worst flood in history, you ask? Flooding in Thailand is a natural disaster (series of floods) caused by the strongest seasonal monsoon rains in 50 years in July – September 2011 in the northern, northeastern and central provinces of Thailand, from where water came to Bangkok through the lowlands of central Thailand. In total 65 of Thailand’s 76 provinces and more than 15 million people suffered because of the flood.
- The Great Hurricane of 1780. Hurricane San Calixto II is considered to be the most powerful, deadly and the biggest cyclone in the world. It originated in early October 1780 near the paradise islands of Cape Verde and raged for a week.The great hurricane razed homes to the ground and tore ships off their anchors. Regarding the human casualties, the scientists calculated a total of 27,000 deaths during the San Calixto II rampage.
- Earthquake in Syria of 1202- one of the deadliest earthquake in history. The epicenter of this earthquake was in the middle of the Dead Sea. The shock was not so strong, however it lasted long and was extensive. This earthquake was felt from Syria to Armenia. The precise number of casualties remains unknown, but even by the most conservative calculations the earthquake took millions of lives.
- Earthquake in Tibet 2010 is the answer to the question of what are the most deadliest natural disasters. The epicenter was 33 kilometers deep in Yuishu County, Yuishu Tibetan Autonomous Region, Qinghai Province. The terrain rises 4,000 meters above sea level, which made rescue operations difficult: many rescuers fell ill with altitude sickness. Monks from nearby monasteries also took an active part in the search operations. There were 12,150 casualties and 2,700 deaths.
- A tornado of the three states in 1925. As the name implies, this tornado struck three states at once on March 18, 1925. Missouri, Illinois and Indiana states were directly affected. What was the deadliest tornado in US history? This tornado was rated F5 on the Fujita scale. It killed almost 700 people, injured more than 2,000, and left 50,000 people homeless. Most of the dead were residents of southern Illinois. Some towns were completely destroyed. The tornado lasted 3.5 hours and the average speed of the funnel was 100 km/hour. In an era without television, the Internet or any kind of disaster warning system, this speed was fatal for hundreds of people. According to some reports, the crater was up to 1 mile (1.6 km) in diameter. The damage from the disaster was $16.5 million, which in today’s prices is more than $200 million. In total there were 9 tornadoes that day operating in seven states. A total of 747 people were killed by tornadoes that swept across the United States on March 18. What was the deadliest tornado? The tornado in Daulatpur and Saturia, Bangladesh. On April 26, 1989, an atmospheric vortex killed 1500 people.