It Is Erupting! Read Now to Know the Most Exciting Stromboli Volcano Facts
The Most Exciting Stromboli Volcanoes Facts
Stromboli is a small volcanic island located in the Mediterranean Sea. The exact Stromboli Volcano location is near the coast of Sicily. It is only about 2.5 miles in diameter, and the volcano itself is about 0.6 miles above sea level! But in fact, the volcano is much larger than that, as most of it is hidden underwater: the height of the volcano above the average surface of the seabed reaches 1.86 miles. Stromboli is one of the most active volcanoes in the world: Stromboli Volcano has been erupting, almost continuously, for thousands of years.
Before Stromboli, there was an active submarine volcano some 200,000 years ago, slightly to the north (it has subsided and eroded away), and the island itself appeared 160,000 years ago.
Today Stromboli is a volcanic island. Over the past 20 thousand years, it is constantly active – small eruptions occur every 15-20 minutes on average (there are large eruptions as well – for example, in 2002, the eruption led to the need to evacuate residents and close the island to tourists for a long time). This results in short bursts of ash and gas and volcanic bombs to a height of 20-150 meters (lava spouting is rare). Volcanoes Stromboli has three active craters, two of which formed in 2007 (the Stromboli Volcano`s last eruption was in 2020), and its volcanic emissions enter the “fire flow”.
The natural phenomenon of Stromboli Volcano Italy was admired by the ancient Greeks. And used the fiery torches of constant eruptions as a kind of beacon for navigation in the sea.
Nowadays, Stromboli Island is a favorite tourist destination, where you can combine the traditional beach holiday with a fascinating hike to the top of the active volcano. Hundreds of tourists flock there every day, and the volcano is guaranteed to put on an unforgettable show of lava fountains bursting out of several vents in the crater.
Where Is Stromboli Located?
This volcano is part of Italy. Ferries and tourist boats from Naples go to Stromboli island in Italy. Another option is to get to Stromboli from Milazzo in Sicily (the final stop is in the port of Stromboli Paeze). If you decide to stay in Stromboli for a few days, you will face a shortage of accommodations: only in Ginostra and San Vincenzo will you have one of 2 hotels (Ossidiana Stromboli from 49 euros, Villaggio Stromboli from 99 euros.
If you don’t have rooms available there, the neighboring islands can help you as they have a much smaller selection of hotels (Panarea has 8 accommodation proposals, Vulcano has 10 and Lipari has over 30 hotels). Stromboli in Italy is an example of a volcano that threatens people and attracts them at the same time.
What Kind of Volcano Is Stromboli?
Stromboli is one of the few volcanoes on Earth that erupts almost continuously. Most of the time, fountains of lava erupt from several craters near the summit, with a frequency of 5 to 15 times per hour, and can be as high as 1,000 feet. These eruptions pose little or no danger to the population of the island but are a great attraction for many tourists. Stromboli has a nickname – “Lighthouse of the Mediterranean”.
This is explained by the fact that often at night Stromboli “spits” white clouds (gas without ash), which are lava-lighted from below, making them visible at long distances. The volcano is a permanently active volcano, of which there are very few on Earth.
On a sweltering day in 2020, hundreds of tourists were preparing for an evening ascent of the mountain. Suddenly, a massive explosion shook the island, marking the beginning of Strombolian volcanic eruptions, one of the most violent in decades. Within a few dozen minutes, a huge cloud of ash covered the entire sky, throwing people into a panic. Fortunately, the volcano was not too “bloodthirsty”: the victim of the eruption was only one tourist who made his way to the summit alone. If the eruption had happened a couple of hours later, when numerous tourist groups would have rushed to the crater in the evening coolness, the number of victims would have been much higher.
By the way, this is not the first time the volcano scares without causing significant harm. On December 30, 2002, for example, the eruption caused a major landslide on one of the slopes, resulting in a giant 33-foot-high wave that destroyed all the coastal structures in the town on the opposite edge of the island. Fortunately, at that moment there were only locals there, whose houses were built on some elevation, so no one was seriously hurt. But if such an eruption had happened at the height of the tourist season, there would have been no human casualties.
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