Earthquakes are surface vibrations. Due to the sudden movement and explosion of the earth’s crust or the outer jacket travels long distances in the form of elastic vibrations.
The Shaanxi earthquake of 1556 was the largest earthquake ever recorded. According to the state, 830,000 people died because of the Shaanxi earthquake. This happened on the morning of January 2, 1556, in the Ming Empire of Shaanxi Province.
More than 97 provinces were affected: Shanxi, Shanxi, Henan, Gansu, Hebei, Shandong, Hubei, Hunan, Jianshu, and Anhui. Buildings in Beijing, Chengdu, and Shanghai were slightly damaged. In some countries, 84,040 miles (2020 miles) were lost and 60% of the casualties were people. After that, many residents settled in Joong. They fought and were injured.
The epicenter was reported in the Wei River Valley in Shanxi Province near Weinan and in Huazhou (now the Huazhou Weinan District) near Weinan. All buildings and houses in Hua County were demolished, more than half of the city’s population died, and the death toll is estimated at hundreds of thousands. It looked like Weyang and Husayn. In places, cracks open up to a depth of 20 meters. Destruction and death were everywhere, and it was a wonderful place 500 kilometers from the epicenter.
The collapse occurred during the reign of the Jingjin Emperor of the Ming Dynasty. Hence, in Chinese historical records, this earthquake is often referred to as the Great Jiajin Earthquake. Current estimates based on seismic geological data show approximately 8 MW at the current scale and XI (catastrophic damage) on the Shaanxi earthquake magnitude, although subsequent results indicate a probability of 7.9 MW. Although it was the largest earthquake and the third natural disaster in history, there have been much more severe earthquakes. After the earthquake, earthquakes occurred several times a month for six months.
This catastrophe occurred during the reign of Emperor Jiajing, therefore in Chinese tradition, it is called the Great Jiajing Earthquake. Six months after the China earthquake (1556) a few more months followed. Current research, based on geological data, makes it possible to estimate the magnitude of an earthquake as accurately as possible. 8 on the Mercalli scale and XI on the Mercalli scale. However, other geological studies show a grade of 7.9. For the victims, this is the third disaster in the history of mankind, and earthquakes are the most serious in history in terms of the number and number of victims.
Witnesses warned their grandchildren not to leave their homes in the event of an earthquake and told the Shaanxi earthquake facts. The destruction caused by the earthquake was evident in the ancient Xi’an Empire. Bailey Historical Museum. Most of them were damaged or injured. During the accident, a small tower duck survived, although its foundation fell to the ground. After that, the height of the tower dropped from 45 meters to 43.4 meters.
In fact, China has a large population with an ancient history. For example, in 1851, 40% of the world’s population lived here, and in 2000, about 30% of the population lived here. Secondly, most people lived in houses with holes. Thanks to the city of Xi’an, on the banks of the Yellow River, this house was built on open and well-irrigated land.
As a result of the underground collapse, the building began to collapse, the earthquake began to shake, and thousands of caves quickly fell into the mountains and fell into the mud houses.Third, there was an earthquake at 5 am and most of the population was still at home. Injuries around the home and failure to detect signs of an earthquake would have made little progress or Shaanxi earthquake damage cost. The witness, therefore, warned that birds should not try to freely leave the house after an earthquake. He is said to describe many people who died in the house.
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