NWDEarthquakesThe Earthquake in Pakistan, 2005: Causes and Consequences of the Tragedy

The Earthquake in Pakistan, 2005: Causes and Consequences of the Tragedy

The Earthquake in Pakistan, 2005

The earthquake in Kashmir happened at 08:50:39 on October 8, 2005. The main place of destruction of the earthquake in Pakistan in 2005 was near the town of Muzaffarabad. Also, strong tremors were felt in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province and border areas of India.

The magnitude was 7.6 and the maximum intensity 8 points. Powerful underground tremors explain the scale of destruction.

Pakistan 2005 Earthquake: Causes

Kashmir is located at the junction between two tectonic plates – Eurasian and Hindustan. This is a consequence of high geological activity. It gave rise to the Himalayas, and strong earthquakes occurred.

Damage and Casualties

The area of greatest destruction is located in northern Pakistan. The three main districts of Kashmir and Muzaffarabad, the capital of Azad Kashmir Province, were affected. There was the highest number of casualties and terrible destruction. All services were paralyzed – rescuers had no way to reach the victims. Similarly, so were the medics. The infrastructure was destroyed. 70% of the dead were in Muzaffarabad.

If we believe the information from the government of Pakistan, the death toll was 87350 people. Some independent estimates put the death toll at 100,000. Approximately 138,000 people were injured, and 3.5 million were left homeless. According to official information, 19000 children were among the dead. Most of them died because their schools collapsed. More than 500,000 families were victims of the earthquakes in Pakistan in 2005. About 250 000 agricultural animals were killed.

Pakistan 2005 Earthquake

On October 20, Kofi Annan said, “a wave of deaths will hit the area if we unite our efforts.” This was noted because remote villages were not receiving aid. Thousands of people were left without medical care, food, water, and shelter.

The government turned to the survivors to go to the valleys and towns. Otherwise, there is no way to help them. Bad weather, harsh mountain conditions, landslides, and blocked roads created problems for rescuers.

The Margalla Tower, a multi-story apartment complex in Islamabad, was destroyed, killing dozens of people. Four deaths were reported in Afghanistan. One girl died under the debris of a collapsed house wall. The earthquake was also felt in Kabul, but there the effects of the tremors were minimal.

In Muzaffarabad, 60 percent of buildings were destroyed. Pakistani television reported severe damage in Balakot (a ruined city), Garhi Habibullah, Rawalakot. However, a Pakistani general claimed that the destruction in Rawalakot was exaggerated because 90% survived. The Pakistan earthquake 2005 triggered violent landslides that destroyed entire villages and blocked roads in the border areas with India.

In India, the quake destroyed 1,500 homes in Uri and more than 1,100 homes in Jammu and Kashmir in 2005. The main minaret of the Hazratbal Mosque was severely damaged. The bicentennial Moti Mahal fort in Kashmir was destroyed.

Buildings in Delhi and Amritsar were damaged. The tremors provoked a wave of panic in Gujarat. Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Rajasthan, and Madhya Pradesh also felt tremors.

Why There Were So Many Dead In Kashmiri Earthquake

Kashmir Earthquake 2005

Saturday is a regular school day in the area. That’s why most school children and students were inside their classrooms when the quake struck. Students and teachers were left under the remains of school buildings. Many residents were trapped in their own homes. It was the month of Ramadan. People were asleep after a pre-dawn meal. They had no time to escape outside their homes. Entire towns and villages were destroyed in North Pakistan, and nearby areas suffered tremendous damage.

Kashmir Earthquake 2005: Aftershocks

A series of strong earthquakes occurred near Muzaffarabad. There have been 978 aftershocks with magnitudes greater than 4.0. There were many secondary earthquakes, especially northwest of the epicenter. Satellite studies have shown that the mountains above the heart have risen several meters. This is strong evidence that the Himalayas are still growing. The earthquake is a consequence of this process. Thank you for reading about the 2005 Kashmir earthquake!

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