Hurricane Maria: How It Was and How the Population Coped with the Consequences
Today, you will learn about one of the hurricanes in the history of Puerto Rico. You will be able to learn some interesting facts about hurricane Maria Puerto Rico, as well as find out the answers to many questions such as “what year was hurricane Maria?”, “how long did hurricane Maria last?”, “what was the total damage to hurricane Maria?” and “what is the path of hurricane Maria?”. Read on to find out as much information about hurricane maria as you can.
In September 2017, Hurricane Maria hit Puerto Rico. The hurricane uprooted trees from the ground, demolished roofs from houses, and also tore out cellular communications. Electricity was cut off throughout the island, and people did not have the opportunity to get clean water or food. How strong was hurricane Maria? The hurricane was Category 4. It wreaked havoc on the island, putting its 3.4 million citizens in a critical humanitarian situation. Officially, the Puerto Rico hurricane Maria date can be called September 16, 2017 – October 2, 2017.
In 80 years, hurricane Maria became the strongest storm in the Puerto Rico area. Damage after the hurricane totaled about $94 billion. More than 80% of the island’s crop was destroyed, resulting in the loss of agricultural production. The loss was about $780 million.
Where Did Hurricane Maria Start or Hurricane Maria Course?
A tropical airwave formed off the west coast of Africa on September 12th, 2017, and moved westward in a disorderly way across the tropics for a few days. The disturbance had grown more structured by September 16th and had created a tropical depression, which strengthened into a tropical storm a few hours later. Due to exceptionally warm sea surface temperatures and little wind shear, the storm quickly strengthened into a hurricane on September 17th. The next day, it was upgraded to a major hurricane, and twelve hours later, it was upgraded to a category 5 storm as it approached Dominica. The storm’s intensity fluctuated as it collided with Dominica’s mountains, but it maintained a category 4 storm until it made landfall on September 20th. Maria had turned northward by September 22nd, and for many days proceeded northeast far offshore of the US east coast, weakening and generating modest storm surge, especially in North Carolina. By September 30th, the tropical storm had evolved into an extratropical cyclone, and by October 2nd, it had dissipated near Ireland.
How Did Hurricane Maria Affect Puerto Rico or Hurricane Maria Damage?
Puerto Rico hurricane Maria aftermath was too hard not only for the population but for the whole country. The people have undoubtedly been the ones who have felt the brunt of the storm’s effects. Thousands of households were displaced by the storm, and several settlements were completely devastated. The official death toll was raised to 2,975 persons in August 2018, 46 times greater than the original total of 64 deaths reported in December 2017.
Most households and businesses were without electricity for months after the first tragedy, mobile phone coverage was restricted, and clean water, food, medication, and gasoline were all in short supply.
Massive numbers of inhabitants abandoned the island in the immediate aftermath, unable to satisfy their basic necessities, and the long-term impacts of the disaster are expected to force another 80,000 people off by 2024.
Many properties are still entirely abandoned today. Thousands of homes in Puerto Rico are still uninhabitable by contemporary standards as of July 2020. Many families are still living beneath the protection of makeshift blue tarps. Others are only now starting the long process of reconstruction, due to the high cost of rebuilding materials and a scarcity of them.
While most individuals now have access to necessities, the path to recovery is still lengthy, and many inhabitants still require assistance.
Who Was Most Affected by Hurricane Maria?
The disaster hit Puerto Rico’s poorest inhabitants hardest, as they have fewer resources to assist them to recover and rebuild. Many of these folks reside in more remote locations and in mountainous places that are difficult to reach. They were the last to reclaim their water and get their power restored.
Mercy Corps is focusing its efforts on supporting these vulnerable and underprivileged communities, who are often forgotten in bigger relief efforts. The elderly, many of whom rely on welfare or social security, as well as persons with disabilities and those living in distant rural regions such as the mountain communities of Las Marias and Maricao, are among those impacted.
Children and teenagers are more sensitive to the psychological effects of natural disasters such as Hurricane Maria. According to studies, the storm damaged almost half of Puerto Rican children’s homes, 30 percent were concerned about their own or their loved ones’ safety, and a quarter participated in the rescue of others. The children of Puerto Rico will need time and assistance to fully recover from Hurricane Maria’s damage.
Since Hurricane Maria hit, many students have fled the island, and the student population is likely to continue to decline as more families leave severe unemployment and deteriorating public services exacerbated by hurricane damage. Those that stay will have to deal with the implications of a prolonged interruption in their schooling, as well as the stress of regaining control after a natural disaster.
What Measures Were Taken to Restore Puerto Rico after the Hurricane?
Hurricane Maria wreaked five years ago. While the storm’s aftermath is still visible, life on the Caribbean island has gradually restored to some sense of normalcy.
Although repairs have been sluggish, the bulk of the population’s fundamental infrastructure, such as the electrical grid and water systems, has been restored. The Electric Power Authority didn’t report that 100% of consumers had power restored until August 2018, over a year after the storm. Residents of Yabucoa, the first town to be hit by the hurricane, were among the last to have the power restored.
As a result of the storm, many people lost their employment, and the local economy was seriously impacted, making rehabilitation a difficult and expensive process. Small and medium-sized businesses, which employ one out of every three people on the island, as well as farms, were particularly hard hit, with property destruction and diminished tourism. Thousands of small businesses remain closed in the aftermath of Hurricane Maria, despite the reopening of large enterprises and roads.
Despite this, Puerto Ricans worked tirelessly to repair their businesses as soon as possible. Hundreds of farmers, fishermen, and beekeepers have re-established their businesses thanks to Mercy Corps’ training and supplies, which have helped the island’s economy and market system revive.