Ivan Hurricane Year 2004 Facts: What Was the Path of Hurricane Ivan 2004?
Hurricane Ivan Year 2004 Facts
In 2004, a series of devastating hurricanes swept across the United States. Hurricane Ivan, with a truly Russian name, struck first in the Caribbean and then touched down across much of the United States.
It was a busy year for meteorologists. No sooner had they recovered from the previous atmospheric phenomenon than it was replaced by another one, which was the Hurricane Ivan category 5. Everyone feared that the Hurricane Ivan category 5 force would intensify the nonstop destructive effect of previous storms.
When Did Hurricane Ivan Hit: The Path and the Dates of Hurricane Ivan
The path of Hurricane Ivan started not far from the Cape Verde Islands, on September 2, when a low-pressure area was formed. On the next day, it turned into a tropical storm, speeding up to 25 km/h. This is when it got its name after the formidable Russian tsar.
The path of Hurricane Ivan 2004 continued near the Lesser Antilles, where the strength of the storm increased sharply to a Category 4 hurricane, which was quite unexpected for tropical latitudes. Meteorologists in no way expected this. By September 7, the wind speed reached 200 kilometers per hour. This is where Grenada got in the way of the hurricane. Ivan partially destroyed the capital of the island, the city of St. George. Most of the buildings were destroyed, and the recent economic growth of the country came to an end. Thirty-nine people out of the 103,000 population of the tiny nation lost their lives. 90 percent of the homes – 28,000 in total – were demolished. Ivan swiftly swept over the Caribbean Sea, destroying 80 percent of Grenada’s infrastructure, as well as the spice industry and tourist industry. The world responded to the disaster with generous aid. Most of the nutmeg trees that make Grenada the world’s second-largest producer of spice were uprooted by the storm, and although cruise ships carrying tourists are already returning to the island, most of those serving them have yet to rebuild their homes.
The Ivan Hurricane path proceeded further to Jamaica, where it moved into Category 5 with wind speeds up to 260 kilometers per hour. The authorities of the island decided to evacuate almost 500,000 people, but in fact, only 5,000 were safe. Twenty people died in the panic. Significant devastation the hurricane brought to the Grand Cayman Islands (up to 80% of all buildings were damaged). Then Ivan, whose wind speed reached 270 kilometers per hour, headed for the Gulf of Mexico. When the hurricane turned towards the state of Alabama, the wind speed was 210 km / h, so it was downgraded to a category 3. Above ground, the element quickly lost strength and subsided to a tropical low-pressure area in the middle of the state. It then moved on to Virginia and New Jersey, bringing heavy rain to the latter. The former storm left these states destroyed and this one additionally caused severe flooding. The tropical storm had no intention of letting up. It was strong enough to circle the southeastern coast of the United States and cause serious flooding. By September 23, the exhausted storm had reached Louisiana, passed it, and finally died out in Texas. As we can see, the exact Hurricane Ivan dates were 2nd-23rd of September 2004.
What Category Was Hurricane Ivan?
Hurricane Ivan year 2004 was the ninth named storm in 2004 and ranked 4th in the top 5 most destructive hurricanes of the year. As we wrote earlier, the hurricane was so powerful that scientists assigned the strongest category-hurricane Ivan with Category 5 on the Saffir-Simpson hurricane scale. With a power of 3, Ivan caused devastating damage to Grenada, Jamaica and the Cayman Islands endured a Category 4 hurricane. Gaining the characteristics of a Category 5 hurricane, the hurricane struck Cuba. The category 5 Hurricane Ivan landfall in the USA.
The hurricane continued on its way through the Gulf of Mexico to the states of America, namely Alabama, Florida. Most coastal cities were completely flooded by this hurricane. The U.S. was able to pull off an operation to evacuate part of the population. Then the hurricane lost power and affected the states of Texas and Louisiana with almost no damage.
What Was the Year of Storm Ivan Hurricane?
The beginning of autumn 2004 was the year of Hurricane Ivan, which within a month caused a lot of distractions affecting more than 5 countries and killing 124 people. In the history of these countries the year 2004 will always be the year of the Ivan hurricane.
The Ivan Hurricane 2004 Aftermath
Grenada suffered a lot. Sadly, the country that began to develop strongly in early 2004 was the hardest hit by Hurricane Ivan. Grenada’s economic forecasts for 2004 promised a growth rate of 5%, but due to the force of nature, the economy of Grenada fell by 3%. Grenada suffered serious economic consequences after the devastation caused by Ivan.
Before Ivan, Grenada’s economy was predicted to grow by 4.7%, but the island’s economy declined dramatically by nearly 3% in 2004. The most important industries in the country, which generated revenue for the budget, were affected. Even though the U.S. alone has allocated almost $150 million to the country, the country has not been able to disburse them properly and has yet to return to its previous economic level. Jamaica was also badly hit by the hurricane. The schools, office buildings, and hospitals in many villages were completely destroyed. Private homes of islanders were also demolished by the hurricane. International organizations sent all available aid to help rebuild the poor country.
The consequences for the USA were bad as well. The economic damage from the hurricane exceeded 12 billion dollars, about 30 people died, and the state of Alabama suffered the most: many houses, highways, bridges were destroyed. Water levels in rivers rose, leading to flooding. In North Carolina, the local river flows washed away embankments and flooded highways. In Maryland, the storm spawned tornadoes.
The economic damage for the Caribbean islands reached $ 3 billion, the number of victims reached 60 people. The hurricane almost completely destroyed infrastructure on most of the Caribbean islands. Huge losses suffered by the tourism business – although the hotels remained intact, most of the beaches were destroyed. A significant number of the local residents lost their homes, especially many victims were among the people from low-income strata of the population, whose homes could not resist the raging elements. In addition to its ferocity, Hurricane Ivan was responsible for a peculiar record – the height of the waves it caused in the Gulf of Mexico reached 27 m.
This hurricane brought a lot of suffering to the residents of the affected countries. Most countries were already considered underdeveloped, and constant hurricanes reduced their economic achievements to zero. Frequent hurricanes also hurt the U.S., as key infrastructure is damaged each time. To know what to do during a hurricane, read our previous article where we explained in detail what to do!