Hurricane Ike: One of the Most Powerful Hurricane That Went Down in History
2008 Is a Year of Hurricane Ike
The Ike storm began as a tropical roughness near Africa in late August and escalated into a Cape Verde-type hurricane. But when was hurricane Ike? Hurricane Ike date can be considered September 1, 2008, when it turned into a tropical storm. Ike began to weaken in the early hours of September 1 as northerly wind shear began to affect the system. Shear had loosened by late morning on September 2nd, and Ike had re-intensified. Ike had strengthened to just below hurricane strength by late morning on September 3rd, and by mid-afternoon, Ike had been upgraded to a hurricane. Hurricane Ike then rapidly strengthened, and three hours after being classified as a hurricane, it was upgraded to a major hurricane with winds of 185 km/h (115 mph). Ike continued to strengthen, and three hours later was upgraded to a Category 4 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale, with winds of 215 km/h (135 mph) and a pressure of 948 mbar. It’s worth noting that these figures are based on satellite estimates, as Ike was still too far away from land for reconnaissance planes to reach.
In the early morning of September 4, hurricane Ike reached a maximum power of 230 km / h (145 mph) with a design pressure of 935 mbar, making it the worst storm of the season. Where did hurricane Ike hit? The Ike hurricane hit the Turks and Caicos Islands (southeast Bahamas) on September 7 as a Category 4 storm with 217 km / h (135 mph) winds after a period of weakening and strengthening. The whole island of Grand Turk lost power, and 95 percent of the homes were destroyed. Ninety-five percent of the homes in South Caicos were also destroyed. Ike subsequently dropped to Category 3 classification, with maximum sustained winds of 204 km/h (127 mph), before making landfall again on Great Inagua Island in the southern Bahamas on September 7. Roof damage affected 70-80 percent of the homes on Great Inagua Island, with 25 percent sustaining serious damage and/or being demolished.
Hurricane Ike Path and Which Areas Were Affected by Hurricane Ike
Thanks to the scientists who recorded the hurricane Ike track, we can know that Ike, passing over the Turks and Caicos Islands, was moving westward at a speed of 24 km / h (15 mph) and was heading directly into the eastern part of Cuba. Ike made two landfalls in Cuba, the first in Cabo Lucrecia on the north coast of the island. On the evening of September 7, a hurricane Ike landfall ashore in the form of a powerful Category 3 hurricane. On September 8, the storm passed through the central regions of Cuba and then moved to the south of the country. Ike subsequently made a second landfall near Pinar del Rio as a Category 1 hurricane before entering the Gulf of Mexico on September 9 in the afternoon (Ike had weakened as it crossed the island). Powerful winds have wreaked havoc on numerous crops across the country. Crops such as bananas, coffee, yucca, and corn were severely harmed. The island’s roads were also severely impacted. About 2.6 million people, or roughly 23% of the Cuban population, were evacuated in anticipation of the hurricane. Only seven people were killed directly as a result of the cyclone, thanks to large evacuations and other measures.
Because of Ike’s encounter with Cuba, most of the hurricane’s inner core was damaged, and the wind field grew as the storm approached the Gulf of Mexico. Over the warm seas of the open Gulf of Mexico, Hurricane Ike was able to regain intensity and become a Category 2 storm. During the night of September 10th, as Ike passed over the warm waters of the Loop Current, the storm’s central pressure dropped rapidly from 963 mbar to 944 mbar. The wind speed, which only increased to 160 km/h (100 mph) from 140 km/h, did not reflect this decrease (85 mph). Ike stayed on pace for Galveston and Houston, Texas, over the following two days. Even though the hurricane had only strengthened to a strong Category 2, it had an unusually large wind field, resulting in a projected storm surge comparable to that of a Category 4 hurricane. A hurricane watch was issued from Cameron, LA, to Port Mansfield, TX, earlier than the usual 36-hour threshold, due to the potential for storm surge (storm surge was expected to impact the area well before tropical-storm-force winds reached the coast).
Hurricane Ike made a slow turn north, then northeast, before dissipating as a tropical storm near Palestine, Texas, on September 13th. It developed into a tropical depression and moved northeast, passing close to St. Louis, Missouri. Ike fused with a massive cold front moving from west to east across the central United States early on September 14 and became extratropical. This deep low-pressure system continued to move north, bringing heavy rainfall to the Midwest. It proceeded into Canada that night, bringing severe gusts and heavy rain over Southern Ontario and much of Quebec, before leaving into the Atlantic early on September 16 near the Labrador Sea’s latitude.
Hurricane Ike Damage and Hurricane Ike Total Fatalities
Without counting storm surge or inland floods, insured damage in Texas, Louisiana, and Arkansas is anticipated to be over $10 billion. Insured losses from storm tide and inland flooding were estimated at about $2.5 billion by the NFIP (in these 3 states. With approximately $24.9 billion in damage, Hurricane Ike is the third most expensive hurricane in the history of the USA, after Katrina (2005) and Andrew (1992). But how many people died in hurricane Ike? At least 195 people died as a result of Hurricane Ike. 74 of them were in Haiti, which was still reeling from the effects of Hurricanes Fay, Gustav, and Hanna earlier in 2008. 112 persons were murdered in the United States.
With a low central pressure of 935mb, Hurricane Ike was the most powerful storm of the 2008 Atlantic season (hPa). Hurricane Ike had an impact on Canada as well. Humidity from the storm’s leftovers triggered an electrical fault, causing a segment of Montréal’s subway system to be briefly shut down. The storm also dumped record amounts of rain in portions of Ontario, with some locations receiving almost 76.2 millimeters (3 inches) of rain. Almost every time Ike passed close to or over land, it caused flooding. Ike’s inundation exacerbated the devastation already wrought by Tropical Storm Fay, Hurricane Gustav, and Hurricane Hanna in Haiti. Between August 15 and September 15, 2008, these storms claimed the lives of almost 1000 Haitians. In the Gulf of Mexico in March 2009, a large Norwegian oil tanker collided with an oil rig that had been missing since Hurricane Ike and was presumed lost. The Ensco 74, one of four rigs missing after the storm, was discovered buried in 35 meters (115 feet) of water following the accident. The tanker’s oil was securely offloaded onto smaller tankers.