It is impossible to predict what the consequences of climate change will be. Such changes are caused by many factors, and there are already reasons to start worrying because if the situation does not improve, mankind can expect a worse problem than Coronavirus. In this article, you’ll also see how do human affect the environment.
Research shows that there is a direct attachment between climate change and the frequency of disasters. This is manifested not only in the rise of temperature on our planet but also in the fact that climate change is causing extreme weather disasters. Hurricanes, tornadoes, droughts, cave storms, and floods are increasing in frequency and causing enormous damage. So far, cataclysms have killed 105,000 people, and their consequences have cost $185 billion per year. Every country is affected, and especially developing countries that do not have sufficient resources to cope with extreme weather events are the most affected. They will cause even more loss of life and spending to rebuild destroyed territories.
Unfortunately, humanity is greatly accelerating the extinction of many species on the planet. Previously, only one species per million disappeared per year. Now many species are being exterminated in record time. This is also due to climate change, as there is a direct connection between the disappearance of many different species and global warming. For example, the golden toad and the marble frog are extinct because of climate change. Because of habitat destruction, climate pollution, and hunting, many species are also threatened with extinction. If mankind does nothing, the existence of many species will come closer to a critical point. The consequences could be very unfortunate as the balance in the environment begins to deteriorate, which is unacceptable for life on Earth.
With the example of Syria, we see that climate wars are already taking place in our world. Because of drought, people are looking for useful resources and suitable areas to live in. By the way, some studies show that there is a connection between climate change and crime in the world. There is no doubt that this outcome will be expected by other territories when climate change breaks out at its full potential. Some countries will become uninhabitable, and people will have to move to other territories where they will have to fight for useful resources with the local people. Massive fighting can lead to wars.
It is no secret that increased acidity will have a negative impact on the life of marine creatures and their food chain. Mollusks and corals, which play an important role in marine life, can be highly affected. Since the industrial revolution, the acidity of the world’s oceans has increased by about 30%. This number will only increase in the future. In small amounts, carbon is needed because it is part of the skeleton of marine creatures, but in large amounts, it can be fatal to marine life and humans.
Climate change is causing glaciers to melt in the Arctic. If nothing changes, it is very likely that by mid-century the last of these glaciers will have disappeared. The sea level will rise by about 65 meters if all the ice will melt. Such consequences could flood entire countries, like the Philippines. There are countries where people live at low altitudes relative to sea level. Climate change could cause people to flee dangerous territories. Large megacities that are close to the ocean will also be affected.
In 50 years, the number of people on Earth could increase by another 2 billion. Everyone will need something to eat, and the world industry will have to produce 65% more food than it does now. But climate change could significantly reverse or slow down this process. Many countries may go under water or become desert due to temperature change, but the main problem is that crops will be threatened. Cereals such as maize, wheat, rice, and soybeans give almost half of humanity its calories. Their production could be reduced by several times due to climate change and environmental pollution.
Most developed countries will have to change their diets. Global warming will affect the meat and dairy industries. Unfortunately, there is no solution to this problem yet, and humanity can only hope that it will be possible to remedy the situation and avoid mass starvation of the world’s population.
Every 500 years, a huge circle of circulation takes place in the world’s oceans. The upper warm layers move from the north to the bottom of the ocean. Cold layers that are richer in nutrients rise from the bottom to the surface. Climate change slows down or stops this process. If nothing changes, the temperature in the North Atlantic will drop by 10 degrees, leading to lower temperatures and cold weather in Western Europe. This will have a strong impact on cereals because crops will be reduced by several times. If the process is not restored, nutrients will not be distributed evenly, leading to the risk of extinction of many marine creatures.
This is a case where human activities can have an impact on natural disasters. On average, the losses from climate change already amount to 1.1 trillion dollars per year. Hundreds of thousands of people die each year from various disasters. Air pollution is forcing most countries to allocate resources to save the situation, but these changes will have a greater impact on poor countries. While the pollution problem will still remain and will cause even greater problems than it does now.
We have already said that glaciers are melting in the Arctic, leading to a rise in the level of the world ocean. But that’s not all the consequences of this problem. They contain a lot of carbon dioxide that is released into the atmosphere. World governments are making efforts to reduce the number of emissions into the atmosphere. They have made progress, and that is encouraging because the release of large amounts of carbon dioxide can have catastrophic and terrible consequences. Such a threat still exists today. The Arctic is a huge carbon reservoir. According to scientists, it weighs about 1,800 petagrams. To understand, 1 petagram is 1 billion tons. In 200 years, mankind has produced about 300 petagrams. Carbon dioxide can multiply the consequences of global warming and lead to catastrophic consequences for all mankind.
Climate change has terrible consequences, but humanity has a way of dealing with it to preserve life and balance on Earth. Geo-engineering offers a solution, but at the cost of interfering with the natural systems of the planet. Some scientists believe it is possible to simulate the effect of a volcanic eruption. Sulfur should cool the planet because the particles will block the sunlight. Unfortunately, this will not eliminate the problem of carbon dioxide emission itself but will weaken the consequences. It can only be seen as a measure of last resort. It’s impossible to predict what the consequences of such a method will be. So, why should we care about climate change?
Climate change will bring many serious problems and it will be very difficult or impossible to cope with them. Hunger, disasters, and wars are just the beginning of problems. People need to take their problems seriously now.
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