Do You Want to Know Everything about a Disaster Cycle?
Disease outbreaks and health emergencies can happen anywhere, anytime. This means that all countries must set priorities and prepare themselves to respond to all types of health threats.
The World Health Organization (WHO) aims to strengthen and maintain its capacity to effectively manage natural disasters, disaster preparedness, emergency response, and emergency response, as well as response to public health, and provide environmental support to disaster-affected areas. This cycle illustrates the ongoing process that all organizations and governments must follow to reduce the impact of natural disasters.
What Is the Disaster Management Cycle?
A catastrophic event (or state of emergency) can be a daunting task. This study provides information on preventing and rebuilding a community in the event of a natural disaster.
Stages of the Disaster Management Cycle
In preparation, the agency has developed a contingency plan. General methods of preparation:
document design, simple words, correct storage instructions, selection of preferences, and preferences for professional services in public institutions. Registration and maintenance of equipment and supplies stages of the disaster cycle.
- Prevention, For example, fishing tackles and water tanks have been flooded and they work to prevent further disasters.
- Management. In the event of an accident, measures should be taken to build a school to deal with land migration.
- Event Prevention: If you welcome intervention for training or hint for disaster.
- Unresolved: is unfortunate to be overshadowed by specificity, relevance, and infrastructure.
- Responsibilities: Understanding and responding to needs, including rapid assessment, food and non-food, water supply, sanitation and personal hygiene services, and emergency medical and hospital services. In the hours and days after the accident, when a search and rescue operation is required, local rescuers are usually the first to arrive. Information is usually complex, and it can change big things and big human activities.
- Improvements. Try to connect communities with your everyday life, such as nursing homes or formal schools. Once the cost is removed, work can continue, and people will have food, water, and shelter for the homeless.
- Construction. Renovation of buildings is very simple. As a result, it can take many years for many activities (e.g. schooling) to cause a major earthquake.
Concept of the Disaster Management Cycle
Four important issues in managing a disaster life cycle.
- Prevention and mitigation
- Recovery (rehabilitation and reconstruction)
Disaster Risk Management Cycle
Involvement of the local population in the risk assessment process also provides an opportunity to increase his awareness of potential threats. Some of these threats may already be known the population, while he knows nothing about the others. Change of attitude must be considered as a process, and when this process comes to an end, people already know how to recognize and perceive threats. When this goal is achieved, it will be possible to make changes in the practice. land use, which also contributes to disaster risk reduction.
Features of the Disaster Cycle
In general, any emergency is a permanent way in which each individual, family, or family has had the risk of self-defense or its consequences.
The action taken depends on the perception of the affected person. Rapid management depends on governments and NGOs at all levels to fully coordinate emergency programs. Each level of activity (individual, group, family) affects other levels. They are usually placed in government emergency services, in the hands of the people, or traditional relief agencies.
In the private sector, emergency management is also called business continuity management.
What about the FEMA Disaster Cycle?
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) is an agency of the United States Department of Homeland Security, initially created under President Jimmy Carter by Presidential Reorganization Plan No. 3 of 1978 and implemented by two Executive Orders on April 1, 1979.[The agency’s primary purpose is to coordinate the response to a disaster that has occurred in the United States and that overwhelms the resources of local and state authorities. The governor of the state in which the disaster occurs must declare a state of emergency and formally request from the President that FEMA and the federal government respond to the disaster.
FEMA Disaster Cycle Overview
FEMA’s Mitigation Directorate is responsible for programs that take action before a disaster, to identify risks and reduce injuries, loss of property, and recovery time. The agency has major analysis programs for floods, hurricanes and tropical storms, dams, and earthquakes.
FEMA works to ensure affordable flood insurance is available to homeowners in flood plains, through the National Flood Insurance Program, and also works to enforce no-build zones in known flood plains and relocate or elevate some at-risk structures.