Difference Between Typhoon and Hurricane
Bad weather is often associated with forceful, stormy winds that can literally knock you down. It is also associated with rain, clouds, although they are not obligatory. However, different concepts are often used to describe the weather: typhoon VS hurricane. And if we are talking about a seaside region, a tsunami is also used. What is the difference? Is a typhoon a hurricane? Not really!
A hurricane is a weather in which the wind blows at a speed of 120 km per hour or more. It may calm down for a while, but then it starts blowing again. Sometimes in the epicenter of a storm, you can find a zone of calm. However, often such calmness is temporary or limited to a separate area, which has its own name – the eye of the storm.
What Is a Typhoon?
We need to make the typhoon and hurricane comparison to understand the difference. If a hurricane lasts a long time and constantly develops, the wind speed increases, there are other manifestations of weather, we are already talking about a typhoon. Most often, they are formed in the area between East Asia and the line of the time change. That is, at a conventional boundary, where the difference in time will be a day.
To form a typhoon, you need certain conditions, for example, the water in the ocean must be warm – about +30 ° C. This is one of the reasons why scientists are talking about increasing the number of typhoons with global warming. Large air masses are in contact with the surface of the ocean. They heat up, go up, where they are mixed with cold air flows. As a result, a low-pressure region is formed. This is where typhoons are born.
Most often, they appear in the period from May to November. However, this period is now increasing due to global climate change on the planet.
What is a Tsunami?
If a typhoon and a hurricane are easily confused, a tsunami is a completely separate natural phenomenon. Of the total – high speed and great destructiveness. By tsunami, we mean giant waves, which are formed due to strong earthquakes. What distinguishes them from ordinary waves is that they capture not the surface, but the whole water, from the ocean floor itself. They can rise to an incredible height of up to 10 m, and sometimes up to 50 m.
The speed of movement at the tsunami is huge – from 650 km per hour to 850. They can spread over vast distances. And there can be several such waves, the difference between them is sometimes 2-3 hours. Sometimes, 2 waves of a tsunami approach the shore at once. In such cases, the first wave slows down slightly, and the second wave may overflow it. As a result, they turn into one, which becomes even larger.
Tsunamis have an incredibly devastating effect. They are among the most dangerous natural disasters, which are very difficult to cope with.
Understanding the difference between a typhoon, hurricane, and tsunami is important: it helps to understand if are hurricanes stronger than typhoons and quickly navigates the news and warnings. It is especially relevant in today’s volatile world, where the probability of different natural disasters is increasing day by day.