They Are Active! What Are the Most Active Volcanoes in Italy? TOP-5 List of NWD Blog
Active Volcano in Italy: Only One?
Italy has more volcanoes than any other European country. What’s the name of the active volcano in Italy, you ask? Everyone knows two of them – Sicilian Etna and the legendary Vesuvius. In fact, there are more than 20 volcanoes in the country, and only half of them are considered extinct. The others are still active or asleep for a while. The volcanic activity area is located in the Straits of Sicily between Italy and Tunis and the Tyrrhenian Sea.
TOP-5 Active Super Volcanoes in Italy
We tell you about the most interesting active supervolcanoes in Italy to visit.
- Etna is located in the heart of Sicily island and is considered to be its symbol. It is the highest active volcano in Europe. This is the answer to the question: «what is the tallest active volcano in Italy?». The highest point of the volcano is approximately 3500 meters, but it varies, as the volcano still has many eruptions. Center-located craters are the most active, and the north and south-east craters are active as well with a diameter of 200-300 meters. Around the volcano, there are a lot of small villages and tiny towns, which are under threat of eruption. History knows the cases when the lava from Etna had reached the city of Catania, which is located far away from the volcano. Now when eruptions occur, hot streams descend to the seashore along the eastern part of the Etna mountain. Because of such an activity, there are no people settlements. But still, the power of nature can be observed on the island: the last major eruptions in 2020 destroyed a lot of infrastructure of Sicily island. Moreover, the ash and dust emissions, caused by this capricious Etna volcano strongly interfere with the airports of Catania and Reggio di Calabria. The ecologists are also worried, as the eruptions affect the regional ecological situation. However, the landscape of these places is astonishing. The immediate area is totally covered with black – fresher and grayish-brown lava, which is the remainder of earlier eruptions. The landscape may look like a lifeless area, but some green spots make the picture brighter. But the higher and farther you go, the less vegetation remains. Along the way, you can see lava-filled ruined cabins – reminders that the danger is real. Farther up, you may feel like an astronaut on the moon, as there will be no houses, just sand, and black rocks. Another interesting fact about the volcanoes is that the snow lies on top of the volcano during almost all seasons, except summer. No surprise, that you can even choose this location for skiing in the wintertime. For walking excursions, you better choose the start of summer till the start of autumn. If you want to climb the active volcano, the best way is to go from the south side, through the town of Nicolosi, then in the direction of Rifugio Sapienza. This place is fully equipped for tourists needs, as there you may find the funicular station, car parking, food and souvenir stores. As well, you may take a cup of tea and enjoy the view of the cafés nearby. For experienced hikers, Etna has small craters with traces of yellow sulfur to climb. If you are an adventurous person, you can hike this route, all of which can take up to three hours. If you prefer to spend less energy, you can use the funicular, which takes you to a height of 2500 meters in a couple of minutes. Also, if you have the money, you can take an off-road vehicle that will take you to the top. Our strong recommendation: in any weather, even in warm ones, be sure to take suitable footwear, warm clothing, and water. Also, you may need sunglasses and sunscreen. If anyone asks you what is the name of an active volcano in Sicily Italy, you can proudly answer- Etna!
- Vesuvius – is the world-famous volcano, which is located between Naples city and the ancient city of Pompeii. It is still considered to be one of the largest active volcanoes in Italy and a very dangerous one, despite the fact that the last volcano eruption happened in late 1944. There are two peaks in the volcano: the older Mount Somma and Vesuvius itself. The last one appeared after the world-known eruption, which occurred in 79 AD and destroyed Stabia city, ancient Pompeii, and Herculaneum. Today almost one million people live near the active volcano. Scientists monitor the activity of Vesuvius around the clock from the observatory located on the slope near the volcano. The volcano is open to visitors throughout the year, but only during the winter months of the year, the entrance is open only in the mornings. You can get to the foot of the mountain by rental car or special buses that go from Naples and Pompeii. From there you have to walk, but it takes no more than an hour. There is a fee to enter the park.
- Little island Stromboli, which belongs to the group of the Lipari Islands, is a unique place. The island has an active volcano is erupting right now in Italy. Two times in an hour, the volcano throws lava, which goes a hundred meters upwards. These emissions of lava can be seen from the sea, so sailors have used Stromboli as a lighthouse. When the volcano stopped erupting, people were forced to build a real one on a rock not far away from the island. Today, Stromboli is home to no more than a thousand people. The island has three villages, where many luxury hotels and expensive villas are located. Amazing beaches with unusual black volcanic sand are the best place to spend the vacation. It is allowed to climb Stromboli even during the eruption, as there are special hiking trails, so no danger for human lives. However, climbing is possible only with the help of a professional guide. As well, you will need to have special equipment. No worries, you can rent it on the spot. Many local companies organize tours to one of the most active volcanoes in Italy.
- Vulcano is another island of the Liparian archipelago. Thanks to Vulcano, all such geologically active mountains are named volcanoes. In Roman mythology, the same name was given to the god of fire. Are there any volcanoes active in Italy, Liparian archipelago? Fortunately, the volcano is asleep now. But, it has one crater, which is constantly releasing hot steam and gases. Vulcano is relatively small, and the ascent does not take much time. If you want, you can take a tour with a guide. It is very interesting to listen to the volcanic activity and the history of the place. Once reached the top, you can enjoy the astonishing view of the neighboring Lipari island. If you are about to swim and relax, Vulcano island can offer you beaches with black sand, where you can sunbathe until the end of October.
- The Phlegraean Fields is a place with several craters, which is located on the shores of Pozzuoli Bay. It is close to Naples. Surely, this can also be the answer to the question of which volcano is now active in Italy? Thermal steam springs together with gas eruptions happen here. Lakes have formed in the place of the extinct craters. Pozzuoli is a town with ancient Roman architecture, such as amphitheaters and thermae. This town, founded by the Greeks and later conquered by the Romans, remained for a long time the main port of the Empire. But because of volcanic activity, the earth’s strata moved, and most of the ancient buildings were underwater. You can visit this amazing and unique archaeological park, which is located underwater, using transparent-bottomed boats or during a deep-sea dive.